Stable, fast and high-energy-density LiCoO2 cathode at high operation voltage enabled by glassy B2O3 modification

Stable, fast and high-energy-density LiCoO2 cathode at high operation voltage enabled by glassy B2O3 modification

Other Title: 

Journal of Power Sources

Creator: 

Zhou, Aijun
Wang, Weihang
Liu, Qin
Wang, Yi
Yao, Xu
Qing, Fangzhu
Li, Enzhu
Yang, Tingting
Zhang, Long
Li, Jingze

Date: 

Tuesday, March 13, 2018

Identifier: 

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378775317308339

Coverage: 

Description: 

In this work, commercial LiCoO2 is modified with a glassy B2O3 by solution mixing with H3BO3 followed by post-calcination in order to enhance its high-voltage electrochemical performance. The glassy B2O3 coating/additive is believed to serve as an effective physiochemical buffer and protection between LiCoO2 and liquid electrolyte, which can suppress the high-voltage induced electrolyte decomposition and active material dissolution. During the early cycling and due to the electrochemical force, the as-coated B2O3 glasses which have 3D open frameworks tend to accommodate some mobile Li+ and form a more chemically-resistant and ion-conductive lithium boron oxide (LBO) interphase as a major component of the solid electrolyte interphase (SEI), which consequently enables much easier Li+ diffusion/transfer at the solid-liquid interfaces upon further cycling. Due to the synergetic effects of B2O3 coating/modification, the high-voltage capacity and energy density of the B2O3-modified LiCoO2 cathode are promisingly improved by 35% and 30% after 100 cycles at 1 C within 3.0–4.5 V vs. Li/Li+. Meanwhile, the high-rate performance of the B2O3-modified electrode is even more greatly improved, showing a capacity of 105 mAh g−1 at 10 C while the bare electrode has dropped to no more than 30 mAh g−1 under this rate condition.